Will 2021 be the year of expanded reality (XR)?

Currently, no one is untouched by the opportunities offered by X-Reality, also known as Extended Reality. We are talking about a form of reality that brings together augmented reality, virtual reality and mixed reality, not to mention 3D and human-machine interfaces. But what do we really know about this reality? What makes him so special? How can we use it and in what areas of activity?

What can we do with Extended Reality (XR)?

Thanks to immersion technologies, the user finds himself immersed in a virtual world where he interacts in an environment expanded by virtual elements. This virtual reality is similar to reality. Extended reality, XR reality or even cross reality, refers to technologies where environments and objects are generated by computers. So it’s about forms of XR already developed, but also solutions of the future, where the virtual universe becomes real. Whereas in augmented reality, the user sees virtual elements in the real world, virtual reality immerses him in an entirely new universe. However, the degree of immersion really depends on the possibilities of interacting with the digital environment. There are three types of digital realities today. Find out below, their 3 sizes, what makes them different and what their common points are. Will 2021 be the year of reality in the XR?

Augmented Reality: Augmented Reality

When we talk of AR or “Augmented Reality”, it is actually an “Augmented Reality”, where virtual elements and information are integrated into the real world. This can be pictures, written material or animation. For example with augmented reality through smart glasses such as Facebook’s phones, tablets, glasses, the real world remains the main mode of perception, and interaction with virtual objects has diminished.

Therefore, augmented reality is the most widely used form of augmented reality. Technically speaking, she is currently enjoying huge success due to low pre-requisites. The ease of use that sets it apart since it works with a simple smartphone, tablet or PC. In addition, the existence of AR glasses that allow you to see virtual elements directly in front of his eyes makes him particularly special. As an example of a particularly well-known augmented reality, we can cite the game Pokemon Go, an application available for iOS and Android.

No wonder the game ranks among the most popular AR games with a turnover of over one billion euros. The advantage with Pokemon Go is that the device shows digital characters (Pokémon) in the real world, thus expanding the reality. Social networks also benefit from the benefits provided by augmented reality: there are filters that allow users to add virtual elements to their photos such as headbands, hats, makeup, sunglasses, etc.

Virtual Reality: Virtual Universe

With virtual reality (or VR reality) everything is different. Here, it is the computer that creates the 360° environment. Completely removed from the real world, the user finds himself here immersed in a virtual universe in which he can interact.

Unlike augmented reality, this form of technology typically works from a dedicated output device. To interact with the virtual universe, the user uses a head-mounted display, which is most of the time connected to the computer. With this technology, the degree of immersion is high as this closed system completely immerses the user in the virtual world. Maybe you’ve heard of Facebook’s Oculus Rift before?

Mixed Reality: A New and Complex Reality

Mixed Reality (RM) combines AR and VR. This is the most recent and complex form of augmented reality. With this immersive technology, the real world is closely intertwined with virtual universes, bringing a new reality to life. It allows the user to interact with the real environment as well as the virtual environment. Real physical elements act on digital elements. Here the user uses an RM headset equipped with a high-performance processor.

You can find mixed reality headsets on the market like Microsoft’s HoloLens, which was released in 2015. The transparent headset allows its glasses to represent 3D objects directly in the user’s world. The advantage of this headset is that it has its own sensor, speaker and its own computing unit. No additional equipment is required to use it.

Extended Reality or XR. challenges of

To date, there are only a few augmented reality applications. These include Pokémon Go and social media filters. If this technology tries to interfere with the world of video games, the technical prerequisites are not yet fully developed. Unlike augmented reality, mixed reality is primarily used by businesses. For this expanded form of reality to become a part of our lives, there are still many challenges to overcome.

high prices

Every smartphone user can take advantage of AR technology through games like Pokémon Go or by using filters on social networks. But when it comes to the use of virtual and mixed realities, the investment in equipment is much more expensive.

Digital and technological challenges

During a gaming contest in which more than 20,000 Pokémon Go players participated, a problem arose with the network, prompting the organizers to reimburse all those registered. There was a loss of lakhs then due to this incident.

expanded reality for businesses

The expanded reality market is booming. Today, if the entertainment sector invests a lot to advance this technology, then augmented reality and its various applications are set to grow greatly in other fields such as medicine, military, industry or tourism.

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